This article helps you to understand how to protect WordPress website from hackers.
This article consists of following things:
- Why I need so?
- How can do it myself without impacting websites?
- Difficulty level [Easy, Medium, Hard].
- Total time consumed.
- Related Plugins
A. Why we need so?
Hackers attack WordPress sites both big and small with over 96,978 attacks happening per minute. Fortunately, there are numerous ways you can protect your WordPress site.
B. How can do it myself without impacting websites?
1. Set up website lockdown and ban users:
A lockdown feature for failed login attempts can solve a huge problem, i.e. no more continuous brute force attempts. Whenever there is a hacking attempt with repetitive wrong passwords, the site gets locked.
2. Use 2-factor authentication
Introducing the 2-factor authentication (2FA) at the login page is another good security measure. In this case, the user provides login details for two different components. The website owner decides what those two are. It can be a regular password followed by a secret question, a secret code, a set of characters.
3. Use email as login
you have to input your username to log in. Using an email ID instead of a username is a more secure approach.
4. Rename your login URL
To change the login URL is an easy thing to do. By default, the WordPress login page can be accessed easily
change to :
A) Change wp-login.php to something unique; e.g .my new login.
B) Change /wp-admin to something unique; e.g. my-new-admin.
5. Adjust your passwords
Improve their strength by adding uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.
6. Secure your admin dashboard
For a hacker, the most engaging part of a website is the admin dashboard.
7. Protect the wp-admin directory
The wp-admin directory is the heart of any WordPress website. Therefore, if this part of your site gets breached then the entire site can get damaged.
8. Use SSL to encrypt data
Implementing an SSL (Secure Socket Layer) certificate is one smart move to secure the admin panel. SSL ensures secure data transfer between user browsers and the server. Making it difficult for hackers to breach the connection or spoof your info.
9. Add user accounts with care
WordPress blog, or rather a multi-author blog, then you need to deal with multiple people accessing your admin panel. This could make your website more vulnerable to security threats.
10. Change the admin username
11. Monitor your files
All of your site’s data and information is store in the database.
12. Change the WordPress database table prefix
If you have ever installed WordPress then you are familiar with the wp- table prefix. That is use by the WordPress database change wp- or remove.
13. Back up your site regularly
If you have a backup, you can always restore your WordPress website to a working state any time you want
14. Set strong passwords for your database
A strong password for the main database user is a must – the one WordPress uses to access the database
15. Secure your hosting setup
All hosting companies claim to provide an optimized environment for WordPress, but we can still go a step further.
16. Protect the wp-config.php file
The wp-config.php file holds crucial information about your WordPress installation. And in fact its the most important file in your site root directory as well.
17. Remove your WordPress version number
Your current WordPress version number can be found very easily.
C. Difficulty level [Easy, Medium, Hard]
D. Total time Consumed.
E. Related Plugins